3. The 'Zakat' (concern for the needy)
4. The 'Fast' (self-purification)
5. Pilgrimage (Hajj) to Mecca for those who are able
There is no god worthy of worship except God and Mohammed is His messenger. This declaration of faith is called the Shahada, a simple formula which all the faithful pronounce.
In Arabic, the first part is la ilaha illa Llah - 'there is no god except God'; ilaha (god) can refer to anything which we may be tempted to put in place of God - wealth, power, and the like. Then comes illa Llah: 'except God', the source of all Creation.
There is no god worthy of worship except God and Mohammed is His messenger.
This declaration of faith is called the Shahada, a simple formula which all the faithful pronounce.
In Arabic, the first part is la ilaha illa Llah - 'there is no god except God'; ilaha (god) can refer to anything which we may be tempted to put in place of God - wealth, power, and the like.
Then comes illa Llah: 'except God', the source of all Creation. The second part of the Shahada is Mohammedan rasulu'Llah: 'Mohammed is the messenger of God.' A message of guidance has come through a man like ourselves.
Salat is the name for the obligatory prayers which are performed five times a day, and are a direct link between the worshipper and God.
There is no hierarchical authority in Islam, and no priests, so the prayers are led by a learned person who knows the Quran, chosen by the congregation.
These five prayers contain verses from the Quran, and are said in Arabic, the language of the Revelation, but personal supplication can be offered in one's own language.
Because shalat is transliterated from arabic word, so it has multiple English spellings such as salat, salah, sholat, sholah or shalah. Some people also call shalat as namaz.
Prayers are said at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset and nightfall, and thus determine the rhythm of the entire day.
Although it is preferable to worship together in a mosque, a Muslim may pray almost anywhere, such as in fields, offices, factories and universities. Visitors to the Muslim world are struck by the centrality of prayers in daily life
One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.
The word zakat means both 'purification' and 'growth'.
Our possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth.
Each Muslim calculates his or her own zakat individually. For most purposes this involves the payment each year of two and a half percent of one's capital.
A pious person may also give as much as he or she pleases as sadaqa, and does so preferably in secret.
Although this word can be translated as 'voluntary charity' it has a wider meaning. The Prophet said 'even meeting your brother with a cheerful face is charity.'
The Prophet said: 'Charity is a necessity for every Muslim. '
He was asked: 'What if a person has nothing?'
The Prophet replied: 'He should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in charity.'
The Companions asked:
'What if he is not able to work?'
The Prophet said: 'He should help poor and needy persons.'
The Companions further asked 'What if he cannot do even that?'
The Prophet said 'He should urge others to do good.'
The Companions said 'What if he lacks that also?'
The Prophet said 'He should check himself from doing evil. That is also charity.'